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Acronym list for the field of Vocational Rehabilitation
Acronym Definition
504 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a statute which prohibits
discrimination against individuals with disabilities. A 504 plan is an individual
education plan for a special-needs student.
508 Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C. § 794d), as amended by the
Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-220) requires federal agencies
to develop, procure, maintain and use information and communications
technology (ICT) that is accessible to people with disabilities. Section 508
requires federal agencies to make their ICT such as technology, online
training and websites accessible for everyone. 
AAG Assistant Attorney General
ABLE Achieving a Better Life Experience
ACA Affordable Care Act
ACB American Council of the Blind
ACL Administration for Community Living
ADA Americans with Disability Act
AEFLA Adult Education and Family Literacy Act
AFB American Foundation for the Blind
AG Attorney General
AIVRS American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services
AIVRTTAC American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Training and Technical Assistance Center
AJC American Job Center
ALJ Administrative Law Judge
APSE Association for Persons in Supported Employment
ASL American Sign Language
AT Assistive Technology
AWIC Area Work Incentives Coordinator
BA Budget Authority
BAC Business Advisory Council
BE  Business Engagement
BEP Business Enterprise Program
BLN Business Leadership Network
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BPQY Benefits Planning Query
BWE Blind Work Expense
C&G Counseling and Guidance
CANAR Consortia of Administrators of Native American Rehabilitation
CAP Client Assistance Program
CAP Cost Allocation Plan
CAP Corrective Action Plan
CBO Community Based Organization
CCD Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities
CE Customized Employment
CFDA Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
CFR or C.F.R. Code of Federal Regulations
CIE Competitive Integrated Employment 
CIL Center for Independent Living
CMIA Const Management Improvement Act
CoP Community of Practice
COSO Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (Internal Controls)
CP Cerebral Palsy
CPA Certified Public Accountant
CMS Case Management System
CPI Consumer Price Index
CPM Common Performance Measures
CR Continuing Resolution
CRA Community Reinvestment Act
CRC Certified Rehabilitation Counselor
CRCC Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification
CRP Community Rehabilitation Program
CSAVR Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation
CSBG Community Services Block Grant
CSNA Comprehensive Statewide Needs Assessment
CSPD Comprehensive System of Personnel Development
CT Customized Training
CWIC Community Work Incentive Coordinator
CY Calendar Year
DD Developmental Disability
DD Disability Determination
DDS Disability Determination Services
DEI Diversity, Equity and Inclusion 
DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
DOBE Disability Owned Business Enterprise
DOE Department of Education
DOL Department of Labor
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
DRAAN Documented Reasonable, Allowable, Allocable, and Necessary
DSA Designated State Agency
DSU Designated State Unit
DUNS Data Universal Number System 
ED U.S. Department of Education (preferred acronym)
EDGAR Education Department General Administrative Regulations
EE Extended Employment
EF Employment First
EIE Earned Income Exclusion
EN Employment Network
EO Executive Order
EPE Extended Period of Eligibility
ES Employment Services
ES Extended Services
ESL English as a Second Language
ETA Employment and Training Administration
ETP Eligible Training Providers (ETPL—Eligible Training Provider List)
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FAFSA Free Application for Federal Student Aid
FERPA Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
FFY Federal Fiscal Year
FLSA Fair Labor Standards Act
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FPL Federal Poverty Level
FR Federal Register
FTE Full Time Equivalent
G5 ED’s financial system for grants management
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GAAS Generally Accepted Auditing Standards
GAN Grant Award Notification
GAO Government Accountability Office
GEPA General Education Provisions Act
GPRA Government Performance and Results Act
GSA General Services Administration
HHS Health and Human Services
HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HKNC Helen Keller National Center
HUD U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
I&E Innovation and Expansion
ICT Information and Communications Technology
ID Intellectual Disability 
IDA Individual Development Accounts
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP Individualized Educational Plan
IFA Infrastructure Funding Agreement
IHE Iinstitutions of Higher Education
IHO Impartial Hearing Officer
IL Independent Living
IL-OIB Independent Living Program for Older Individuals who are Blind
IM Information Memorandum
IPE Individualized Plan for Employment
IRI Institute on Rehabilitation Issues
IPS Individualized Placement and Support
IRT Integrated Resource Team
IRWE Impairment Related Work Expense
IT Information Technology
IWD Individuals with Disabilities
JAN Job Accommodation Network
JD Job Development
JVSG Jobs for Veterans State Grants Program
LEA Local Education Agency 
LMI Labor Market Information
LWDB Local Workforce Development Board
MER Medical Evidence of Record
MFP Money Follows the Person
MH Mental Health
MI Mental Illness
MIOR Medical Information of Record
MOA Memorandum of Agreement
MOE Maintenance of Effort
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MSD Most Significant Disability
MSG Measurable Skill Gains
MTAG Monitoring and Technical Assistance Guide
NCRTM National Clearinghouse for Rehabilitation Training Materials 
NCSAB National Council of State Agencies for the Blind 
NCSRC National Coalition of State Rehabilitation Councils
NDD Notice of Disallowance Determination
NDRN National Disabilities Rights Network
NET National Employment Team
NFB National Federation for the Blind
NFE Non-Federal Entity
NGA National Governors Association
NIB National Industries for the Blind
NIDILRR National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
NTACT:C National Technical Assistance Center on Transition: The Collaborative
OGC Office of General Council 
OIB Independent Living Program for Older Individuals who are Blind
OIB-TAC Older Individuals Who are Blind Technical Assistance Center
OJT On-The-Job Training
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OMTM Other Measures that Matter
OOS Order of Selection
OSERS Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
P&P Policies and Procedures
PABSS Protection and Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security
PAI Performance Accountability Indicators
PAIR Protection and Advocacy of Individual Rights
PAS Personal Assistance Services
PASS Plan for Achieving Self Support
PCI Per Capita Income
PD Policy Directive
PE  Program Evaluation
PES Post-Employment Services
PII Personally Identifiable Information
PIRL Participant Individual Record Layout
PoP Period of Participation
PoP Period of Performance
PPLUS Partnership Plus
PR  Physical Restoration
pre-ETS Pre-Employment Transition Services
PROMISE Promoting Readiness of Minors in Supplemental Security Income
PTE Pass-Through Entity
PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
PWD People with Disabilities
PY Program Year
QA Quality Assurance
QC Quality Control
R-S Randolph Sheppard Program
RA Registered Apprenticeship
RExO Reintegration of Ex-Offenders Program
ROI Release of Information
ROI Return on Investment
RSA Rehabilitation Services Administration
RT Rehabilitation Technology
SARA Semi-Autonomous Rehabilitation Assistant
SAM Statistical Adjustment Model
SBA U.S. Small Business Administration
SCSEP Senior Community Service Employment Program
SD Significant Disability
SE Self-Employment
SE Supported Employment
SE-A Supported Employment Award for individuals with the most significant disabilities
SE-B Supported Employment Award for youth with the most significant disabilities
SEA State Educational Agency
SEIE Student Earned Income Exclusion
SFY State Fiscal Year
SGA Substantial Gainful Activity
SHRM Society of Human Resource Management
SILC Statewide Independent Living Council
SLD Specific Learning Disability 
SMPID State Monitoring and Program Improvement Division
SMW Subminimum Wage
SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SPII Sensitive Personally Identifiable Information
SRC State Rehabilitation Council 
SSA Social Security Administration
SSA Support Services Assistant
SSDI  Social Security Disability Insurance
SSI Supplemental Security Income
SSN Social Security Number
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
SVRA State Vocational Rehabilitation Agency
SWA CAP Statewide Accounting Cost Allocation Plan
SWAS Statewide Accounting System 
SWD Student with a Disability
SWDB State Workforce Development Board
SWIS State Wage Interchange System
SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Analysis
TA Technical Assistance
TAA Trade Adjustment Assistance
TAC Technical Assistance Center
TAC Technical Assistance Circular
TACC Technical Assistance Center Collaborative
TANF Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
TAY Transition-Age Youth
TBD To Be Determined
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury
TPCA Third Party Cooperative Arrangement
TSPD Training and Service Programs Division
TTW Ticket to Work
TVR Tribal Vocational Rehabilitation
TWE Trial Work Experience
TWP Trial Work Period
TWWIIA Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act
U.S.C. United States Code
UGG Uniform Grant Guidance
UI Unemployment Insurance
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
UWA Unsuccessful Work Attempt
VA U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
VR Vocational Rehabilitation
VR&E Veterans Readiness and Employment
VRTAC-QE Vocational Rehabilitation Technical Assistance Center for Quality Employment 
VRTAC-QM Vocational Rehabilitation Technical Assistance Center for Quality Management
WDB Workforce Development Board
WDS Workforce Development System
WHD Wage and Hour Division
WIA Workforce Investment Act
WIB Workforce Investment Board 
WIL Work Incentives Liaison
WIOA Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act
WISE Work Incentives Seminar Events
WIPA Work Incentives Planning and Assistance
WOTC Work Opportunity Tax Credit
WP Wagner-Peyser
YTD Year to Date